Some of the International agencies and government bodies working towards the safety of seafarers, safety of ships, and the environment are :
Oil Companies International Marine Forum : OCIMF - (SIRE Program )
One of the most significant safety initiatives introduced by OCIMF is the Ship Inspection Report Programme (SIRE), which is a unique tanker risk assessment OCIMF tool of value to charterers, ship operators, terminal operators and government bodies concerned with ship safety.
The US Coast Guard Serious Marine Incident (SMI) rule :
[USCG Ruling 46 CFR 4.06-5] effective June 20, 2006.
Drug and Alcohol testing must be conducted on each individual engaged or employed on board a vessel who is directly involved in the SMI.
- The Alcohol testing of each individual must be conducted within 2 (Two) hours from the SMI incident.
- The collection of drug test specimens of each individual must be collected within 32 hours of the SMI incident.
International Maritime Organization (IMO) - Guidelines on D/A Policy.
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners (INTERTANKO)
Guidelines on Drug & Alcohol policies.
International Labor Office (ILO) -
Its publication Drug and Alcohol Abuse prevention programs in the maritime industry ( a manual for planners). is a very comprehensive guidance document.
World Health Organisation (WHO).
IMO International Safety Management Code (ISM Code)
IMO International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)